Friday, November 29, 2013

Museum of Ethnology (Vietnamese Ethnic Groups) in Hanoi, Vietnam


Museum of Ethnology is one of popular tourist attractions in Hanoi, Vietnam. The museum exhibits 54 officially ethnic groups in Vietnam ranging from costumes, culture and their beliefs. This is a two-level medium-sized museum with limited products and photographs to display thus, the whole tour takes between two to three hours to visit the indoor and outdoor of the museum entirely.

I like the outdoor exhibition, the most as I could visit and experience the model houses such as Giarai tomb where the large wooden figures encircling the tomb to accompany the dead into the afterlife, Bahnar communal house with a height of 19 meters from Kon Rbang Village and Ede longhouse with a length of 42 meters to accomodate the families of daughters and granddaughters of an extended matrilineal family.

Museum of Ethnology opens from 8:30am to 5:30pm (Tuesday to Sunday).


The main entrance to Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
The main entrance to Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


A bike carrying fish traps along Red River Delta on display at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
A bike carrying fish traps along Red River Delta on display at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


Fishing equipment such as fish and turtle bait box, fish trap and fishing hooks on display at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
Fishing equipment such as fish and turtle bait box, fish trap and fishing hooks on display at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


Muong funeral scene at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
Muong funeral scene at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


Vietnamese cultural garments (traditional clothes) at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
Vietnamese cultural garments (traditional clothes) at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


The longest dragon boat that I have ever seen at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
The longest dragon boat that I have ever seen at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


A typical wooden Vietnam house at the outdoor of Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
A typical wooden Vietnam house at the outdoor of Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


This house belonged to a wealthy family in Thanh Hoa province which is longer than a typical traditional houses at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
This house belonged to a wealthy family in Thanh Hoa province which is longer than a typical traditional houses at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


Vietnamese were skilled to weaving clothing and wood crafting in early years at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
Vietnamese were skilled to weaving clothing and wood crafting in early years at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


Kitchen area of a wealthy family in Thanh Hoa province at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
Kitchen area of a wealthy family in Thanh Hoa province at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


Ede longhouse with the lenght of 42 meters to accomodate the families of daughters and granddaughters of an extended matrilineal family at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
Ede longhouse with the lenght of 42 meters to accomodate the families of daughters and granddaughters of an extended matrilineal family at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


Bahnar communal house with the height of 19 meters was built in 2003 by 42 villagers from Kon Rbang village at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam
Bahnar communal house with the height of 19 meters was built in 2003 by 42 villagers from Kon Rbang village at Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi, Vietnam


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  • Hoa Lo Prison (Maison Centrale) in Hanoi, Vietnam
  • One Pillar Pagoda (Lotus) Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Historical Long Bien Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Hoan Kiem Lake & Ngoc Son Temple in Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Beautiful Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Tuesday, November 26, 2013

    Hoa Lo Prison (Maison Centrale) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Hoa Lo Prison which is also known as Maison Centrale, left a deep memory during my vacation in Hanoi, Vietnam. If you participate the local trip like one day tour in Hanoi city, you won't find a tour to Hỏa Lò Prison at all. I don't know why but I guess no one wants to share and relate saddening and sensitive issues like how the Vietnamese patriots and revolutionary fighters were tortured and executed in this prison for the independence and freedom of the nation. 

    Hỏa Lò Prison was built by French colonialist to hold Vietnamese prisoners particularly, political prisoners who were fighting for the country's independence. I had difficulty to control my sadness when I visited the confined rooms which were used to sentence the leaders of patriotic and revolutionary and any prisoners who broke the rules in the prison. It was also saddening to learn that the Vietnamese prisoners were being locked with fetters on their ankles thus, they had limited body movement on the beds.

    There was an amazing display of an American flying suit of major pilot John Mc. Cain where he and other American pilots were arrested during the bombing of North Vietnam. There were many objects and photographs displayed to show that the American prisoners were treated well in the prison by the Government of Vietnam until they were released eventually under the agreement between both countries. John Mc. Cain then participated in the United States of America election in 2008.


    The main entrance of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The main entrance of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Broken glasses on top of high walls to prevent prisoners from escaping the prison at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Broken glasses on top of high walls to prevent prisoners from escaping the prison at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    A panaromic view of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) from top bird's view during the early years in Hanoi, Vietnam
    A panaromic view of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) from top bird's view during the early years in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The outline of the visiting route at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The outline of the visiting route at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The recent view of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) from the top bird's eye view in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The recent view of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) from the top bird's eye view in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The 3D model of the Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) during the early years in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The 3D model of the Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) during the early years in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Thick and giant main gate was displayed at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Thick and giant main gate was displayed at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The giant door hinge of the main front gate of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The giant door hinge of the main front gate of Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Prisoners' clothing at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Prisoners' clothing at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The old-fashioned toilet squatting at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi. Vietnam
    The old-fashioned toilet squatting at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi. Vietnam


    The French used to lock Vietnamese patriots and revolutionary fighters at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The French used to lock Vietnamese patriots and revolutionary fighters at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Cachot area is used to confine prisoners who break the rules in prison at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Cachot area is used to confine prisoners who break the rules in prison at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The French colonialist used the guillotine to cut heads of Vietnamese patriots and revolutionary fighters at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The French colonialist used the guillotine to cut heads of Vietnamese patriots and revolutionary fighters at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Stockade for female prisoners at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Stockade for female prisoners at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Stockade for female prisoners who have babies at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Stockade for female prisoners who have babies at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The flight suit of Navy Lieutenant Commandar John Mc Cain while flying A4E Skyhawk is exhibited at Hoa Lu Prison (Maison Centre) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The flight suit of Navy Lieutenant Commandar John Mc Cain while flying A4E Skyhawk is exhibited at Hoa Lu Prison (Maison Centre) in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The American prisoners were treated well by the Vietnamese Government after they were imprisoned at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The American prisoners were treated well by the Vietnamese Government after they were imprisoned at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam



    Memorial monument area of Vietnamese patriots and revolutionary fighters and the Almond Tree at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Memorial monument area of Vietnamese patriots and revolutionary fighters and the Almond Tree at Maison Centre (Hoa Lu Prison) in Hanoi, Vietnam

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    Wednesday, November 13, 2013

    One Pillar Pagoda (Lotus) Hanoi, Vietnam


    One Pillar Pagoda is one of the popular tourist attraction and also highly recommended to visit while traveling in Hanoi, Vietnam. A legendary story was told that this iconic pagoda was built by Emperor Ly Thai To of the Ly dynasty when his dream was granted with a baby boy by Bodhisattva Avalokisteshvara who sat on the lotus flower in a square pond. As when the Queen delivered a baby boy, Emperor Ly Thai Tong instructed his men to build One Pillar Pagoda with the pillar in the middle of the lotus pond, since the lotus symbols of purity and blossoms in a muddy pond, similar to what he dreamt earlier.  

    Since then, One Pillar Pagoda becomes a popular prayer site among the locals in Vietnam. It becomes the culture and well-known pagoda for the locals to pray and make wishes to have children in front of small shrine devoted to the Boddhisatva of Mercy in One Pillar Pagoda. 

    One Pillar Pagoda opens for free to the public every day. Decent dressing by covering your shoulder, your upper arm and up to your knee level are required when you visit Chinese temples and pagodas as a sign of respect to the religion.



    The famous One Pillar Pagoda 1049 which resembles lotus flower in a pond in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The famous One Pillar Pagoda 1049 which resembles lotus flower in a pond in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The side view of One Pillar Pagoda which resemblance of Lotus Flower in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The side view of One Pillar Pagoda which resemblance of Lotus Flower in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Little Steps heading up to One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Little Steps heading up to One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Small shrine devoted to the  Mercy of God in One Pillar Pagoda at Hanoi, Vietnam
    Small shrine devoted to the  Mercy of God in One Pillar Pagoda at Hanoi, Vietnam


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    Historical Long Bien Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Long Bien Bridge is another popular historical attraction to visit in Hanoi, Vietnam. It was originally named after Paul Doumer, the Governor-General of Indochina but renamed to Long Bien after Vietnamese independence in 1945. 

    Long Bien Bridge has become an important route to connect from Hanoi city to the main port of Haiphong and vice versa. The locals travel between these two cities by two wheels vehicle like, bicycle or motorcycle (motorbike) or by train.

     
    Long Biên Bridge which connects two parts of the city of Hanoi, Vietnam
    Long Biên Bridge which connects two parts of the city of Hanoi, Vietnam


    Ga Long Bien Railway Station is situated near to Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Ga Long Bien Railway Station is situated near to Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Taking the picture at the corner of Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Taking the picture at the corner of Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam


    A closer look of Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam
    A closer look of Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The view of busy street from the top of Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The view of busy street from the top of Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Interesting custom made of tribike or trimotor with rear car sit in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Interesting custom made of tribike or trimotor with rear car sit in Hanoi, Vietnam

     
    On the way heading back from Long Bien Bridge, we saw a beautiful historical Saint Joseph Cathedral in Hanoi, Vietnam
    On the way heading back from Long Bien Bridge, we saw a beautiful historical Saint Joseph Cathedral in Hanoi, Vietnam

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    Wednesday, November 6, 2013

    Hoan Kiem Lake & Ngoc Son Temple in Hanoi, Vietnam


    When you are traveling the busy capital of Hanoi in Vietnam, you will definitely pass by the main attraction of the beautiful mirror lake which is known as Ho Hoan Kiem Lake or also known as "Lake of the Returned Sword." Ho Hoan Kiem Lake is situated in the busy Hanoi downtown and also nearby to another top attraction of Hanoi Old Quarter (Hanoi-36 Old Streets) which offers variety of food, accommodation, clothing, accessories, shoes, household items etc. 

    A famous legendary story leads us to believe that King Le Thai To was given a precious fairy Sword by the Golden Turtle God during the war with Minh aggressors. A large golden tortoise suddenly appeared and stole the sword with its mouth and submerged into the lake right after the King defeated the Chinese and reclaimed the land into independence. The King was upset with the missing sword but he believed that the God wanted the sword to be returned after the victory. Thus the King named the lake as Lake Ho Hoan Kiem.

    Majority of Vietnamese believe in Buddhism and there are some similar culture, religion and beliefs between Vietnamese and Chinese. There is a Chinese belief that patting the shelf of a tortoise or turtle would bring you luck. Chinese believe that a tortoise or a turtle has the power to improve one's health and increase your longevity.

    Hoan Kiem Lake and Ngoc Son Temple are highly recommended to visit while traveling the capital of Hanoi. They are the top list of attractions to visit for the first-time visitors in Hanoi. Ngoc Son Temple is situated on Jade Island where you need to cross the famous red Huc Bridge on Ho Hoan Kiem Lake. You need to purchase the entrance ticket at the booth before crossing the Huc Bridge. It is a small fee charges at US$1 (20,000 VND) per person and opens to the public from 8am to 5:30pm every day.  

    In order to get to Ngoc Son Temple on Jade Island of Ho Hoan Kiem Lake, you need to pass through a few entrance gates such as, the main entrance of Three-Passage Gate (Tam Quan), Pen Tower (Thap But) and Ink-slab (Dai Nghien) before heading to Huc Bridge. You'll notice many locals and elderly people visit Ngoc Son Temple in order to pay respect to deities and enjoy the cooling and windy weather while chatting or playing chess in the courtyard of the temple.



    Turtle Tower is located on Hoan Kiem Sword Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Turtle Tower is located on Hoan Kiem Sword Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    A panoramic view of Hoan Kiem Lake or also known as Lake of the Returned Sword in Hanoi, Vietnam
    A panoramic view of Hoan Kiem Lake or also known as Lake of the Returned Sword in Hanoi, Vietnam


    This is the main entrance  of Three-Passage Gate (Tam Quan) before heading to Ngoc Son Temple on Hoan Kiem Lake in the capital of Hanoi, Vietnam
    This is the main entrance  of Three-Passage Gate (Tam Quan) before heading to Ngoc Son Temple on Hoan Kiem Lake in the capital of Hanoi, Vietnam


    Turning my back to view the rear of the main entrance of Three-Passage Gate (Tam Quan) of Ngoc Son Temple at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Turning my back to view the rear of the main entrance of Three-Passage Gate (Tam Quan) of Ngoc Son Temple at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam




    As you walk through the Three-Passage Gate,  you can see Pen Tower (Thap But), a ten-meter high stone structure resembles a writing brush in Hanoi, Vietnam
    As you walk through the Three-Passage Gate,  you can see Pen Tower (Thap But), a ten-meter high stone structure resembles a writing brush in Hanoi, Vietnam




    On the way heading to the second gate of The Ink-slab from the main entrance of Three-Passage Gate at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    On the way heading to the second gate of The Ink-slab from the main entrance of Three-Passage Gate at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam



    The ink-slab ((Dai Nghien) the symbol of literature) shows that Ngoc Son temple was built and dedicated to Confucian, Taoist and literature in Hanoi, Vietnam.
    The ink-slab ((Dai Nghien) the symbol of literature) shows that Ngoc Son temple was built and dedicated to Confucian, Taoist and literature in Hanoi, Vietnam.


    The famous Huc Bridge connects Jade Island to the shore at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The famous Huc Bridge connects Jade Island to the shore at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The entrance of Ngoc Son Temple after crossing the famous red Huc Bridge at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The entrance of Ngoc Son Temple after crossing the famous red Huc Bridge at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The rear of the tower view of Ngoc Son Temple as you pass through the main entrance at Hoan Kiem Sword Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The rear of the tower view of Ngoc Son Temple as you pass through the main entrance at Hoan Kiem Sword Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The architecture of a typical chinese temple which can found at Ngoc Son Temple in Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The architecture of a typical chinese temple which can found at Ngoc Son Temple in Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    Main building of Ngoc Son Temple for praying and visiting the bronze turtle exhibition at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Main building of Ngoc Son Temple for praying and visiting the bronze turtle exhibition at Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    God deities at Ngoc Son Temple 1883 on Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    God deities at Ngoc Son Temple 1883 on Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    The preserved legendary of the lake's giant tortoise who took the magic sword of Le Loi and was found in 1968 on Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    The preserved legendary of the lake's giant tortoise who took the magic sword of Le Loi and was found in 1968 on Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam


    It's breezy watching some elderly people playing chess in the courtyard of Ngoc Son Temple on Jade Island of Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam
    It's breezy watching some elderly people playing chess in the courtyard of Ngoc Son Temple on Jade Island of Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi, Vietnam

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