Tuesday, December 3, 2013

Temple of Literature, Confucius Temple (Văn Miếu) in Hanoi, Vietnam


Temple of Literature is the oldest Confucius temple and also Vietnam's first founded university to teach children of royalty and aristocracy. The Temple of Literature is situated about 10 minutes drive from Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi.

Temple of Literature is divided into several sections of courtyards. The First Courtyard stretches from the main gate of Temple of Literature to the Second Courtyard. Second Courtyard is decorated with garden park which resembles the pavilion of Hanoi city streets. There are some turtles' tombstones with names of doctorate students which are situated at Third Courtyard. 

There are some bronze statues of a crane standing on a turtle located in the temple which represents the power, luck and longevity, according to Vietnamese's culture and belief. There is some belief that touching the crane would bring some fortune while touching the head of a turtle would bring luck and longevity.

I haven't seen very well-maintained temple buildings and garden parks like the oldest temple ie, Temple of Literature. Temple of Literature opens from 8:30am to 4:30pm every day except on Monday and public holidays. Visitors require to pay some minimal entrance fee of 10,000 VND per person (US$0.50).


The main gate of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
The main gate of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


In front of the main gate of Temple of Literature, there are four tall pillars facing the main street in Hanoi, Vietnam
In front of the main gate of Temple of Literature, there are four tall pillars facing the main street in Hanoi, Vietnam


Dragon statues at the main gate of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
Dragon statues at the main gate of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


The rear view of the main gate of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
The rear view of the main gate of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


The first courtyard before heading to Second Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
The first courtyard before heading to Second Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


Second Courtyard and Constellation of Literature pavilion at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
Second Courtyard and Constellation of Literature pavilion at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


A closer view of Third Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
A closer view of Third Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


Turtle stone stele to honour the school's successful doctorate candidates at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
Turtle stone stele to honour the school's successful doctorate candidates at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


A large pond, called the well of heavenly clarity. at the third Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
A large pond, called the well of heavenly clarity. at the third Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


Third Courtyard of the temple with the Well of Heavenly Clarity and the red Constellation of Literature pavilion at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
Third Courtyard of the temple with the Well of Heavenly Clarity and the red Constellation of Literature pavilion at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


The fourth Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
The fourth Courtyard of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


A closer look of temple ceremony at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
A closer look of temple ceremony at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


Side view of temple ceremony at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
Side view of temple ceremony at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


In Vietnamese culture, the turtle and crane stand together represent a healthy long life of happiness at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
In Vietnamese culture, the turtle and crane stand together represent a healthy long life of happiness at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


In Vietnamese culture, touching the turtle or crane by hand and hoping to endure  longevity or power respective at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
In Vietnamese culture, touching the turtle or crane by hand and hoping to endure  longevity or power respective at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


Dozens of flowers are used to decorate the logo of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
Dozens of flowers are used to decorate the logo of Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


Confucious Gods shrine at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam
Confucious Gods shrine at Temple of Literature in Hanoi, Vietnam


My Older Post:



  • Museum of Ethnology (Vietnamese Ethnic Groups) in Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Hoa Lo Prison (Maison Centrale) in Hanoi, Vietnam
  • One Pillar Pagoda (Lotus) Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Historical Long Bien Bridge in Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Hoan Kiem Lake & Ngoc Son Temple in Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Beautiful Hanoi, Vietnam
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